There are 149 records.
P2 Motion of Objects
P2 P2.1 Position - Time
P2 P2.1 Position - Time essential P2.1A Calculate the average speed of an object using the change of position and elapsed time
P2 P2.1 Position - Time essential P2.1B Represent the velocities for linear and circular motion using motion diagrams (arrows on strobe pictures)
P2 P2.1 Position - Time essential P2.1C Create line graphs using measured values of position and elapsed time
P2 P2.1 Position - Time essential P2.1D Describe and analyze the motion that a position-time graph represents, given the graph
P2 P2.1 Position - Time essential P2.1E Describe and classify varios motions in a plane as one dimensional, two dimensional, circular, or periodic
P2 P2.1 Position - Time essential P2.1F Distinguish between rotation and revolution and describe and contrast the two speeds of an object like the Earth
P2 P2.1 Position - Time core P2.1g Solve problems involving average speed and constant acceleration in one dimension
P2 P2.1 Position - Time core P2.1h Identify the changes in speed and direction in everyday examples of circular (rotation and revolution), periodic, and projectile motions
P2 P2.2 Velocity - Time
P2 P2.2 Velocity - Time essential P2.2A Distinguish between the variables of distance, displacement, speed, velocity, and acceleration
P2 P2.2 Velocity - Time essential P2.2B Use the change of speed and elapsed time to calculate the average acceleration for linear motion
P2 P2.2 Velocity - Time essential P2.2C Describe and analyze the motion that a velocity-time graph represents, given the graph.
P2 P2.2 Velocity - Time essential P2.2D State that uniform circular motion involves acceleration without a change in speed.
P2 P2.2 Velocity - Time core P2.2e Use the area under a velocity-time graph to calculate the distance traveled and the slope to calculate the
P2 P2.2 Velocity - Time core P2.2f Describe the relationship between changes in position, velocity, and acceleration during periodic motion.
P2 P2.2 Velocity - Time core P2.2g Apply the independence of the vertical and horizontal initial velocities to solve projectile motion problems.
P2 P2.3x Frames of Reference
P2 P2.3x Frames of Reference core P2.3a Describe and compare the motion of an object using different reference frames.
P3 Forces and Motion
P3 P3.1 Basic Forces in Nature
P3 P3.1 Basic Forces in Nature essential P3.1A Identify the force(s) acting between objects in
P3 P3.1x Forces
P3 P3.1x Forces core P3.1b Explain why scientists can ignore the gravitational force when measuring the net force between two objects
P3 P3.1x Forces core P3.1c Provide examples that illustrate the importance of the electric force in everyday life.
P3 P3.1x Forces core P3.1d Identify the basic forces in everyday interactions.
P3 P3.2 Net Forces
P3 P3.2 Net Forces essential P3.2A Identify the magnitude and direction of everyday forces (e.g., wind, tension in ropes, pushes and pulls, weight).
P3 P3.2 Net Forces essential P3.2B Compare work done in different situations.
P3 P3.2 Net Forces essential P3.2C Calculate the net force acting on an object.
P3 P3.2 Net Forces core P3.2d Calculate all the forces on an object on an inclined plane and describe the object
P3 P3.3 Newton's Third Law
P3 P3.3 Newton's Third Law essential P3.3A Identify the action and reaction force from examples of forces in everyday situations (e.g., book on a table)
P3 P3.3 Newton's Third Law core P3.3b Predict how the change in velocity of a small mass compares to the change in velocity of a large mass
P3 P3.3 Newton's Third Law core P3.3c Explain the recoil of a projectile launcher in terms of forces and masses.
P3 P3.3 Newton's Third Law core P3.3d Analyze why seat belts may be more important in autos than in buses.
P3 P3.4 Forces and Acceleration
P3 P3.4 Forces and Acceleration essential P3.4A Predict the change in motion of an object acted on by several forces.
P3 P3.4 Forces and Acceleration essential P3.4B Identify forces acting on objects moving with constant velocity (e.g., cars on a highway).
P3 P3.4 Forces and Acceleration essential P3.4C Solve problems involving force, mass, and acceleration in linear motion (Newton
P3 P3.4 Forces and Acceleration essential P3.4D Identify the force(s) acting on objects moving with uniform circular motion (e.g., a car on a circular track,
P3 P3.4 Forces and Acceleration core P3.4e Solve problems involving force, mass, and acceleration in two-dimensional projectile motion restricted to an initial horizontal velocity with no initial vertical velocity (e.g., ball rolling off a table).
P3 P3.4 Forces and Acceleration core P3.4f Calculate the changes in velocity of a thrown or hit object during and after the time it is acted on
P3 P3.4 Forces and Acceleration core P3.4g Explain how the time of impact can affect the net force (e.g., air bags in cars, catching a ball).
P3 P3.5x Momentum
P3 P3.5x Momentum core P3.5a Apply conservation of momentum to solve simple collision problems.
P3 P3.6 Gravitational Interactions
P3 P3.6 Gravitational Interactions essential P3.6A Explain earth-moon interactions (orbital motion) in terms of forces.
P3 P3.6 Gravitational Interactions essential P3.6B Predict how the gravitational force between objects changes when the distance between them changes.
P3 P3.6 Gravitational Interactions essential P3.6C Explain how your weight on Earth could be different from your weight on another planet.
P3 P3.6 Gravitational Interactions core P3.6d Calculate force, masses, or distance, given any three of these quantities, by applying the Law of Universal Gravitation
P3 P3.6 Gravitational Interactions core P3.6e Draw arrows (vectors) to represent how the direction and magnitude of a force changes on an object in an elliptical orbit.
P3 P3.7 Electric Charges
P3 P3.7 Electric Charges essential P3.7A Predict how the electric force between charged objects varies when the distance between them and/or the magnitude of charges change.
P3 P3.7 Electric Charges essential P3.7B Explain why acquiring a large excess static charge (e.g., pulling off a wool cap, touching a Van de Graaff generator, combing) affects your hair.
P3 P3.7x Electric Charges - Interactions
P3 P3.7x Electric Charges - Interactions core P3.7c Draw the redistribution of electric charges on a neutral object when a charged object is brought near.
P3 P3.7x Electric Charges - Interactions core P3.7d Identify examples of induced static charges.
P3 P3.7x Electric Charges - Interactions core P3.7e Explain why an attractive force results from bringing a charged object near a neutral object.
P3 P3.7x Electric Charges - Interactions core P3.7f Determine the new electric force on charged objects after they touch and are then separated.
P3 P3.7x Electric Charges - Interactions core P3.7g Propose a mechanism based on electric forces to explain current fl ow in an electric circuit.
P3 P3.P8 Magnetic Force
P3 P3.P8 Magnetic Force prerequisite P3.p8A Create a representation of magnetic field lines around a bar magnet and qualitatively describe how the relative strength and direction of the magnetic force changes at various places in the field. (prerequisite)
P3 P3.8x Electromagnetic Force
P3 P3.8x Electromagnetic Force core P3.8b Explain how the interaction of electric and magnetic forces is the basis for electric motors, generators, and the production of electromagnetic waves.
P4 Forms of Energy and Energy Transformations
P4 P4.1 Energy Transfer
P4 P4.1 Energy Transfer essential P4.1A Account for and represent energy into and out of systems using energy transfer diagrams.
P4 P4.1 Energy Transfer essential P4.1B Explain instances of energy transfer by waves and objects in everyday activities (e.g., why the ground gets warm during the day, how you hear a distant sound, why it hurts when you are hit by a baseball).
P4 P4.1x Energy Transfer - Work
P4 P4.1x Energy Transfer - Work core P4.1c Explain why work has a more precise scientifi c meaning than the meaning of work in everyday language.
P4 P4.1x Energy Transfer - Work core P4.1d Calculate the amount of work done on an object that is moved from one position to another.
P4 P4.1x Energy Transfer - Work core P4.1e Using the formula for work, derive a formula for change in potential energy of an object lifted a distance h.
P4 P4.2 Energy Transformation
P4 P4.2 Energy Transformation essential P4.2A Account for and represent energy transfer and transformation in complex processes (interactions).
P4 P4.2 Energy Transformation essential P4.2B Name devices that transform specific types of energy into other types (e.g., a device that transforms electricity into motion).
P4 P4.2 Energy Transformation essential P4.2C Explain how energy is conserved in common systems (e.g., light incident on a transparent material, light incident on a leaf, mechanical energy in a collision).
P4 P4.2 Energy Transformation essential P4.2D Explain why all the stored energy in gasoline does not transform to mechanical energy of a vehicle.
P4 P4.2 Energy Transformation core P4.2e Explain the energy transformation as an object (e.g., skydiver) falls at a steady velocity.
P4 P4.2 Energy Transformation core P4.2f Identify and label the energy inputs, transformations, and outputs using qualitative or quantitative representations in simple technological systems (e.g., toaster, motor, hair dryer) to show energy
P4 P4.3 Kinetic and Potential Energy
P4 P4.3 Kinetic and Potential Energy essential P4.3A Identify the form of energy in given situations (e.g., moving objects, stretched springs, rocks on cliffs, energy in food).
P4 P4.3 Kinetic and Potential Energy essential P4.3B Describe the transformation between potential and kinetic energy in simple mechanical systems (e.g. pendulums, roller coasters, ski lifts).
P4 P4.3 Kinetic and Potential Energy essential P4.3C Explain why all mechanical systems require an external energy source to maintain their motion.
P4 P4.3x Kinetic and Potential Energy - Calculations
P4 P4.3x Kinetic and Potential Energy - Calculations core P4.3d Rank the amount of kinetic energy from highest to lowest of everyday examples of moving objects.
P4 P4.3x Kinetic and Potential Energy - Calculations core P4.3e Calculate the changes in kinetic and potential energy in simple mechanical systems (e.g., pendulums,
P4 P4.3x Kinetic and Potential Energy - Calculations core P4.3f Calculate the impact speed (ignoring air resistance) of an object dropped from a specifi c height or the
P4 P4.4 Wave Characteristics maximum height reached by an object (ignoring air resistance), given the initial vertical velocity.
P4 P4.4 Wave Characteristics essential P4.4A Describe specifi c mechanical waves (e.g., on a demonstration spring, on the ocean) in terms of
P4 P4.4 Wave Characteristics essential P4.4B Identify everyday examples of transverse and compression (longitudinal) waves.
P4 P4.4 Wave Characteristics essential P4.4C Compare and contrast transverse and compression (longitudinal) waves in terms of wavelength,
P4 P4.4x Wave Characteristics - Calculations amplitude, and frequency.
P4 P4.4x Wave Characteristics - Calculations core P4.4d Demonstrate that frequency and wavelength of a wave are inversely proportional in a given medium.
P4 P4.4x Wave Characteristics - Calculations core P4.4e Calculate the amount of energy transferred by transverse or compression waves of different amplitudes
P4 P4.5 Mechanical Wave Propagation and frequencies (e.g., seismic waves).
P4 P4.5 Mechanical Wave Propagation essential P4.5A Identify everyday examples of energy transfer by waves and their sources.
P4 P4.5 Mechanical Wave Propagation essential P4.5B Explain why an object (e.g., fi shing bobber) does not move forward as a wave passes under it.
P4 P4.5 Mechanical Wave Propagation essential P4.5C Provide evidence to support the claim that sound is energy transferred by a wave, not energy
P4 P4.5 Mechanical Wave Propagation essential P4.5D Explain how waves propagate from vibrating sources and why the intensity decreases with the square of
P4 P4.5 Mechanical Wave Propagation essential P4.5E Explain why everyone in a classroom can hear one person speaking, but why an amplifi cation system is often used in the rear of a large concert auditorium.
P4 P4.6 Electromagnetic Waves often used in the rear of a large concert auditorium.
P4 P4.6 Electromagnetic Waves essential P4.6A Identify the different regions on the electromagnetic spectrum and compare them in terms of wavelength, frequency, and energy.
P4 P4.6 Electromagnetic Waves essential P4.6B Explain why radio waves can travel through space, but sound waves cannot.
P4 P4.6 Electromagnetic Waves essential P4.6C Explain why there is a delay between the time we send a radio message to astronauts on the moon and when they receive it.
P4 P4.6 Electromagnetic Waves essential P4.6D Explain why we see a distant event before we hear it (e.g., lightning before thunder, exploding fireworks before the boom).
P4 P4.6x Electromagnetic Propagation
P4 P4.6x Electromagnetic Propagation core P4.6e Explain why antennas are needed for radio, television, and cell phone transmission and reception.
P4 P4.6x Electromagnetic Propagation core P4.6f Explain how radio waves are modifi ed to send information in radio and television programs, radio control cars, cell phone conversations, and GPS systems.
P4 P4.6x Electromagnetic Propagation core P4.6g Explain how different electromagnetic signals (e.g., radio station broadcasts or cell phone conversations)
P4 P4.6x Electromagnetic Propagation core P4.6h Explain the relationship between the frequency of an electromagnetic wave and its technological uses.
P4 P4.r7x Quantum Theory of Waves
P4 P4.r7x Quantum Theory of Waves recommended P4.r7h Calculate and compare the energy in various electromagnetic quanta (e.g., visible light, x-rays).(recommended)
P4 P4.8 Wave Behavior - Reflection and Refraction
P4 P4.8 Wave Behavior - Reflection and Refraction essential P4.8A Draw ray diagrams to indicate how light refl ects off objects or refracts into transparent media.
P4 P4.8 Wave Behavior - Reflection and Refraction essential P4.8B Predict the path of reflected light from flat, curved, or rough surfaces (e.g., fl at and curved mirrors, painted walls, paper).
P4 P4.8x Wave Behavior - Diffraction, Interference, and Refraction
P4 P4.8x Wave Behavior - Diffraction, Interference, and Refraction core P4.8c Describe how two wave pulses propagated from opposite ends of a demonstration spring interact as they meet.
P4 P4.8x Wave Behavior - Diffraction, Interference, and Refraction core P4.8d List and analyze everyday examples that demonstrate the interference characteristics of waves (e.g., dead spots in an auditorium, whispering galleries, colors in a CD, beetle wings).
P4 P4.8x Wave Behavior - Diffraction, Interference, and Refraction core P4.8e Given an angle of incidence and indices of refraction of two materials, calculate the path of a light ray incident on the boundary (Snell
P4 P4.8x Wave Behavior - Diffraction, Interference, and Refraction core P4.8f Explain how Snell
P4 P4.9 Nature of Light
P4 P4.9 Nature of Light essential P4.9A Identify the principle involved when you see a transparent object (e.g., straw, piece of glass) in a clear liquid.
P4 P4.9 Nature of Light essential P4.9B Explain how various materials refl ect, absorb, or transmit light in different ways.
P4 P4.9 Nature of Light essential P4.9C Explain why the image of the Sun appears reddish at sunrise and sunset.
P4 P4.r9x Nature of Light - Wave-Particle Nature
P4 P4.r9x Nature of Light - Wave-Particle Nature recommended P4.r9d Describe evidence that supports the dual wave - particle nature of light. (recommended)
P4 P4.10 Current Electricity - Circuits
P4 P4.10 Current Electricity - Circuits essential P4.10A Describe the energy transformations when electrical energy is produced and transferred to homes and businesses.
P4 P4.10 Current Electricity - Circuits essential P4.10B Identify common household devices that transform electrical energy to other forms of energy, and describe the type of energy transformation.
P4 P4.10 Current Electricity - Circuits essential P4.10C Given diagrams of many different possible connections of electric circuit elements, identify complete circuits, open circuits, and short circuits and explain the reasons for the classification.
P4 P4.10 Current Electricity - Circuits essential P4.10D Discriminate between voltage, resistance, and current as they apply to an electric circuit.
P4 P4.10x Current Electricity - Ohm's Law, Work, and Power
P4 P4.10x Current Electricity - Ohm's Law, Work, and Power core P4.10e Explain energy transfer in a circuit, using an electrical charge model.
P4 P4.10x Current Electricity - Ohm's Law, Work, and Power core P4.10f Calculate the amount of work done when a charge moves through a potential difference, V.
P4 P4.10x Current Electricity - Ohm's Law, Work, and Power core P4.10g Compare the currents, voltages, and power in parallel and series circuits.
P4 P4.10x Current Electricity - Ohm's Law, Work, and Power core P4.10h Explain how circuit breakers and fuses protect household appliances.
P4 P4.10x Current Electricity - Ohm's Law, Work, and Power core P4.10i Compare the energy used in one day by common household appliances (e.g., refrigerator, lamps, hair dryer, toaster, televisions, music players).
P4 P4.10x Current Electricity - Ohm's Law, Work, and Power core P4.10j Explain the difference between electric power and electric energy as used in bills from an electric company.
P4 P4.11x Heat, Temperature, and Efficiency
P4 P4.11x Heat, Temperature, and Efficiency core P4.11a Calculate the energy lost to surroundings when water in a home water heater is heated from room temperature to the temperature necessary to use in a dishwasher, given the efficiency of the home hot water heater.
P4 P4.11x Heat, Temperature, and Efficiency core P4.11b Calculate the final temperature of two liquids (same or different materials) at the same or different temperatres and masses are combined.
P4 P4.12 Nuclear Reactions
P4 P4.12 Nuclear Reactions essential P4.12A Describe peaceful technological applications of nuclear fi ssion and radioactive decay.
P4 P4.12 Nuclear Reactions essential P4.12B Describe possible problems caused by exposure to prolonged radioactive decay.
P4 P4.12 Nuclear Reactions essential P4.12C Explain how stars, including our Sun, produce huge amounts of energy (e.g., visible, infrared, ultraviolet light).
P4 P4.12x Mass and Energy
P4 P4.12x Mass and Energy core P4.12d Identify the source of energy in fission and fusion nuclear reactions.